Time flies on this course and it won’t be long before we are away in Gregynog and you have to pitch your idea for a major project.

You choose what the subject of your documentary is. So some early advice about what sort of ideas tend to work.

Your idea should be something that you are interested in.
Better still, really interested in. This might seem obvious, but it’s surprising how many students suggest “worthy” ideas that they think will impress the teaching staff, but are actually a bit dull. You will be spending a long time with this idea. Try to make it something you find fascinating.

Can you explain it in a sentence or two?
If it takes you half an hour to explain the idea that’s generally a bad sign.

What question are you trying to answer?
Try to think about your idea in terms of a question. For example — What is the impact of mass tourism on the ecology of the Snowdonia region of Wales?

Is it realistic?
Your idea needs to be achievable. Bear in mind that you are a student journalist, with a limited (or non-existent) budget and a limited amount of time. It’s much better to work on an idea which does not involve remote locations, or huge amounts of travel. Think about how easy it will be to find people and then persuade them to talk about your idea.

Does your idea have focus?
It can be a good idea to zoom in a little on your idea. For example… what happens if, instead of being about the UK, it’s about Wales… or Cardiff… or one part of Cardiff? Suppose it’s about a particular age group rather than everybody? Or people who do a particular job? It’s a common mistake for ideas to be a bit too broad. Focus can really help. Think about this.

This BBC News item focuses on a single street to tell a story.
Photo: Denise Duplinski

How many people are affected?
Imagine you want to make a documentary about how smartphones can be addictive. One advantage of this idea is that it should be relatively easy to find people who can talk about their smartphones, since millions and millions of us have them and lots of us feel they are addictive in some way. Now imagine your idea is about people who are addicted to crack cocaine. The number of people who are addicted to crack cocaine is much smaller, so it will be harder to find people who will talk to you. You need to think about this. It doesn’t mean you shouldn’t do stories involving difficult-to-get-to-people — it just means that you need to think carefully and develop a plan about how you will get to them. We sometimes call this access.

Think about access.
You will hear us talking a lot about access. If you want to make a documentary about Greek monks in a remote mountaintop monastery, you will need permission from the monks to go to the monastery and speak to them. This might not be very easy to negotiate. If your idea involves hard-to-obtain access to locations or people, you need to start to make sure it’s possible early on (ideally before you pitch the idea). And you need to bear in mind that things can change (see below). If your idea involves difficult-to-achieve access, you need to start working on it early.

Be careful about ideas that depend on one person or one event.
This follows on from the above. What if the single person changes their mind? What if the event is cancelled?

You need a Plan B.
You might even need a Plan C or a Plan D. Things go wrong; stories fall through. Contributors pull out. Back to your idea about crack cocaine. Suppose you’ve decided to focus on one particular addict and they have agreed to help. This is good, but crack addicts can sometimes be a little unreliable. What happens if your case study stops answering your phone calls the week before you start filming? Having a Plan B means you would have another addict ready to take part. Think about how easy or difficult it will be to adapt your idea if something changes.

Do you need to interview children or young people under the age of 18?
If so, read this.

Your idea should have good sound and pictures.
A good test for a TV documentary idea is to ask yourself, what will be the first shot? What will we see in the first thirty seconds? Likewise, with radio, ask yourself how you will make the story come alive with sound? What will we hear, apart from voices? Abstract ideas that are really just a series of interview clips joined by your voice don’t tend to get high marks. Bear in mind it can be more difficult to get good pictures than good sound.

Shots for every contributor.
You should also ask yourself what you can film or record with each of the contributors you interview. You need to think about what you will film them doing. For example, your story involves interviewing the head teacher of a school. He/she agrees to the interview, but you also need to make sure you have asked to film the teacher at work, or at least to get some shots/sound of their school — even if it is empty. Think hard about this aspect of your documentary when you are at the planning/research stage.

If you are on the Broadcast pathway your major project will almost certainly be either a TV documentary of 12 – 15 minutes or a radio documentary of 15 – 20 minutes. That is a lot of work. The sooner you start thinking about it, the better. The last thing you want to have to do is change your idea completely in June or July because you didn’t do enough thinking and research in November and December.